Here are some good resources:
Age-by-age guide to feeding your baby and toddler
Reviewed by Nancy Showen, M.D.
Age: 8 to 10 months
Signs of readiness for solid and finger foods
Same as 6 to 8 months, PLUS
Picks up objects with thumb and forefinger (pincer grasp)
Can transfer items from one hand to the other
Puts everything in his mouth
Moves jaw in a chewing motion
What to feed
Breast milk or formula, PLUS
Small amounts of soft pasteurized cheese, yogurt, cottage cheese (but no cows' milk until age 1)
Iron-fortified cereals (rice, barley, wheat, oats, mixed cereals)
Mashed fruits and vegetables (bananas, peaches, pears, avocados, cooked carrots, squash, potatoes, sweet potatoes)
Finger foods (lightly toasted bagels, cut up; small pieces of ripe banana; well-cooked spiral pasta; teething crackers; low-sugar O-shaped cereal)
Small amounts of protein (egg yolk, pureed meats and poultry; tofu; well-cooked and mashed beans with soft skins like lentils, split peas, pintos, black beans)
Non-citrus juice (apple or pear) How much per day
Ό to 1/3 cup dairy (or ½ oz. cheese)
Ό to ½ cup iron-fortified cereal
Ό to ½ cup fruit
Ό to ½ cup vegetables
1/8 to Ό cup protein foods
3 to 4 oz. non-citrus juices
Introduce new foods one at a time, with at least three days in between to make sure your baby's not allergic.
FEEDING THE NINE- TO TWELVE-MONTH-OLD
By baby's first birthday, solid foods make up around fifty percent of her nutrition. Continue to feed most solid foods to your baby by spoon, since you are likely to get more food into baby's mouth than on the floor. Yet, if your baby is the "do it myself" type, finger foods may be the main fare by this time.
Here are some tips gleaned from the Sears, family-feeding experiences, as well as tips shared by patients in our pediatric practice.
Keep feeding times short. Remember, tiny babies still have tiny tummies. Small, frequent feedings are still the best. Also, give your baby small helpings. Most babies seldom take more than 1 or 2 tablespoons of a food at any one meal . Don't overwhelm baby with a whole pile of food on her plate. Begin with a small dollop and add more as baby wants more.
Give your baby a bone. Our babies have enjoyed a chicken leg bone with all the tiny bone slivers removed and a small amount of cooked meat remaining. Beginning around nine months, babies love to hold this bone like a rattle, gnaw on it, bang it, transfer it from hand to hand, teethe on it, and play with it. They even, occasionally, eat a little chicken.
Pressure tactics make feeding harder, not easier. Don't force-feed food, as this could create long-term unhealthy attitudes about eating. The parent's role is to select nutritious foods, prepare them well, and serve them creatively, matched to baby's individual capabilities and preferences. Baby's role is to eat the amount he wants at the time, according to his needs, moods, capabilities, and preferences. We have taught all of our children to swim, and we think of feeding similar to teaching swimming -- being neither over- protective nor over-restrictive. Allow a child to explore and experiment. Allow a certain amount of mess, but don't let it get out of control. Above all, teach your child that food is to be enjoyed.
Expect erratic feeding habits. There may be days when your baby eats solids six times, or she may refuse solids three days in a row and only want to breastfeed or take a bottle.
Understand that food fears are normal. To help your baby overcome these fears, take a bite of an unfamiliar food first and let your baby catch the spirit of your enjoyment. Expect baby to explore a new food before she eats it -- just like adults want to know what they're eating. One way to encourage the cautious feeder is to take a bite of the new food yourself. Then place some food on his index finger and guide his own fingerful of food into his mouth.
Gradually increase variety and texture. For the youngest eaters, fruits and vegetables should be strained. (If you wait until six months to start solids, you'll probably skip this stage.) As babies gain eating experience, they can advance to pureed foods, then foods that are finely minced. Most babies can begin to accept chopped foods by one year of age.
Settle the squirmer. Here is a toy trick that worked for one of our babies who would constantly windmill her arms during feeding. Use three plastic spoons one spoon for each of her hands to occupy them and one for you to feed her. Also, try this toy trick. Put toys with suction cups on a highchair tray so she can play with them with her hands while you sneak food into her mouth. Sometimes when babies open their mouths to suck on toys, this primes them to open their mouths to receive food.
Use camouflage. Cover more nutritious, but less favorite foods with one of baby's favorites. We often place a thin layer of applesauce over the vegetables or meat. Get the applesauce (or other favorite) on baby's tongue first and then put a scoop of the more nutritious, but less liked food, on top of it.
Let baby eat off your plate. Sometimes babies just don't want to eat like a baby, neither baby food nor off baby plates. Around one year of age, babies enjoy sitting on parents' laps and picking food off their plate, especially mashed potatoes and cooked, soft vegetables. Or, put baby's food on your plate and trick the little gourmet into eating his own food.
Let baby enjoy the lap of luxury. If your child refuses to get in or stay in his high-chair, let him sit on your lap and eat off your plate. If baby begins messing with your food, place a few morsels of food on the table between baby and plate to direct his attention away from your dinner.
Overcome lip lock. To relax tight lips from refusing a feeding, back off and over-enjoy the food yourself. Model the excitement by replaying the old reliable "Mmmmmm goooood!" As your baby watches you open your mouth and savor the food, he may catch the spirit and relax his mouth and his attitude. Use one of your child's favorite foods as a teaser. As he opens his mouth for his favorite food, quickly follow with the food you wanted him to try.
Minimize the mess. Too much food on a baby's dish leads to two-fisted eating and major mess-making. Encourage neatness by scattering only a few morsels of finger foods on baby's tray at a time and refill as necessary.
Each new developing skill has its nutritional benefits and humorous nuisances. Baby's newly developing thumb and forefinger pincer grasp and finger pointing stimulates him to want to pick up tiny morsels of food and feed himself, yet it also creates an opportunity for more messes. Allow baby the luxury of messing around a bit with his newly-discovered utensils. Believe it or not, baby is actually learning from this mess, sort of like the conclusion that the author Ernest Hemmingway came to: "Oh, the joy of just messing around." While some food makes its way into the mouth, other pieces scatter. Food- flinging , dropping, and smearing is a usual mealtime antic parents can expect to deal with. To discourage flinging and give the food a fighting chance to make it into baby's mouth, put a few pieces of O-cereals, cooked carrots, pieces of rice cakes, and any other bite-size pieces of fruits and vegetables that baby likes on his plate. Then, refill as needed. Placing a whole pile of food in front of baby is inviting a mess. We have noticed that our babies are fascinated with a pile of cooked spaghetti placed within easy reach. The ability to pick up with the thumb and forefinger enables baby to pick up one strand at a time. Spaghetti-picking holds baby's mealtime attention longer than most foods. Expect food and utensils to become interesting objects to pick up, bang, drop, and fling, which is part of baby's natural desire to explore and find new uses for his hands.
Feeding Your 8- to 12-month-old
Wed Aug 9, 8:00 PM ET
By this age, breast milk or formula alone will probably no longer provide enough calories to meet your baby's nutritional needs. By her first birthday, she'll probably be eating a variety of foods, and will likely be joining the family at the table for three meals a day.
This is a good time to take a look at the quality of foods the family eats, as your baby will be sharing the same diet soon (if she doesn't already). Is it high in fat, sugar, and sodium? Is it rich in fresh fruits and vegetables? Is the bread whole grain? Try altering your own food choices so your baby will have the healthiest future possible.
By about 8 months old, most babies are pros at handling cereals and pureed vegetables and fruits. It may be time to step up to some new, coarser textures that require a little chewing. You can purchase "chunky" baby foods, or you can fork-mash, cut up, or grind your family's table food. Whatever you do, continue to give all new foods a trial run (a few days) to look for any allergic reactions.
You might persuade your baby to remain sitting a bit longer if you give her some finger foods to experiment with, or even provide her with a safe baby spoon to try. Putting small (pea-sized) pieces of cooked chicken and meat, chunks of banana, scrambled egg yolk, or strips of toast right on the highchair tray should help keep your baby interested in mealtime. Sit down and enjoy your meal with your child - try to make mealtime a fun social event.
Never leave your baby unattended while eating since she can easily choke, and never give round or hard foods that can get caught in her throat: grapes, hot dogs, popcorn, chunks of peanut butter, hard candies, chunks of carrots, and raisins are among the foods to be avoided. When in doubt, chop it up, or wait until your baby gets older.
Eight months is a good age to introduce your baby to a cup. Buy one with large handles and a lid (a "sippy cup"), and teach your baby how to maneuver and drink from it. (You might need to try a few different cups to find one that works for your child.) Use water at first to avoid messy clean-ups. Remember to limit the amount of juice your baby drinks to 8 total ounces a day - too much juice can fill a baby up, leaving little room for more nutritious foods. If your baby drinks from a bottle, do not let her sleep with it, as that can increase her risk of dental cavities and ear infections.
How Much Should My Baby Eat?
Some babies' appetites slow down around this age. This is normal - they are not growing as rapidly, and there seem to be so many more interesting things to do than eat. As long as your baby is still getting in some good breast-feeding or bottle-feeding each day (about 24 ounces is average) and is showing some curiosity about familiar foods and tasting new ones, don't be alarmed. Feed her right before family mealtimes, then give her some fun finger foods to play with while you eat. If you notice a significant weight change (gain or loss) or if your baby seems sluggish or listless, call your child's doctor.