please do some internet research on SENSORY ISSUES- hearing is a common thing. We call our daughter radar o reilly (from M*A*S*H*) because she hears EVERYTHING louder than we do.
Some people have touch issues, movement issues and/or hearing issues. (Our daughter had hearing sensory issues.) An occupational therapist can help with that if this is what he has.. It sounds likely and can be helped! (read through and then focus on the Auditory-does it sound like him?)
Signs, Symptoms and Background Information on Sensory Integration
Information on healthy drug free programs to
improve sensory processing & integration
Sensory Integration Dysfunction (SID) is a neurological disorder pioneered 40 years ago by A. Jean Ayres, Ph.D., OTR. Dr. Ayres developed the sensory integration theory to explain the relationship between behavior and brain functioning. As described in Williams & Shellenberger's work entitled, How Does Your Engine Run? A Leader's Guide to The Alert Program for Self-Regulation, "Countless bits of sensory information enter our brain at every moment, not only from our eyes and ears, but also from every place in our bodies”. The brain must organize and integrate all of these sensations if a person is to move and learn normally.
It is commonly held that we have five senses: touch - taste - smell - hearing - vision. These basic senses or far senses" respond to external stimuli from the environment. The truth is, we have many more senses than that. Some hold that we can divide the senses into internal and external senses: that the “sense of well-being” is a sense too, but an internal one. So too “homeostasis” or the sense of having returned to even keel, essential for the regulation of temperature, heart rate, and breathing.
Our mind and body are superbly interwoven to meet the demands of today's world. The feelings, thoughts and actions we experience occur through the complex actions of our brain. How we process environmental and internal information has a major impact on our feelings, thoughts and actions.
The slightest change in our brain processes can influence how we manage daily living skills, academic progress and social interaction. Sensory integration dysfunction is one example of what can go wrong in the processes of the brain. This article will explain sensory integration dysfunction to the point of understanding the nature of this unseen (and often misdiagnosed) disability, as well as its psychological, emotional, learning and social effects on the individual.
Types of SI Problems
Problems of sensory integration were first thought to fall into three categories. The person either was thought to be
@processing with interference / “white noise"
This being the case, an accurate investigation had to be made to find out which applied to the client, because treatment strategies would differ.
Signs of SI problems
The following is a description of some of the commonly seen behaviors in children who exhibit sensory integrative difficulties.
* An acute awareness of background noises
* Fascination with lights, fans, water
* Hand flapping/repetitive movements
* Spinning items, taking things apart
* Walking on tip-toe
* Little awareness of pain or temperature
* Coordination problems
* Unusually high or low activity level
* Difficulty with transitions (doesn't "go with the flow")
* Self-Injury or aggression
* Extremes of activity level (either hyperactive or under active).
* Fearful in space (on the swings, seesaw or heights).
* Striking out at someone who accidentally brushes by them.
* Avoidance of physical contact with people and with certain "textures," such as sand, paste and finger paints.
* The child may react strongly to stimuli on face, hands and feet.
* A child may have a very short attention span and become easily distracted.
* A strong dislike of certain grooming activities, such as brushing the teeth, washing the face, having the hair brushed or cut.
* An unusual sensitivity to sounds and smells.
* A child may refuse to wear certain clothes or insist on wearing long sleeves/pants so that the skin is not exposed.
* Frequently adjusts clothing, pushing up sleeves and/or pant legs.
Table 1. Symptoms of Sensory Integration Dysfunction. (Reproduced with permission from the Apraxia-Kids Web page)
* Responds negatively to unexpected or loud noises
* Holds hands over ears
* Cannot walk with background noise
* Seems oblivious within an active environment
* Prefers to be in the dark
* Hesitates going up and down steps
* Avoids bright lights
* Stares intensely at people or objects
* Avoids eye contact
* Avoids certain tastes/smells that are typically part of children's diets
* Routinely smells nonfood objects
* Seeks out certain tastes or smells
* Does not seem to smell strong odors
* Continually seeks out all kinds of movement activities
* Hangs on other people, furniture, objects, even in familiar situations
* Seems to have weak muscles, tires easily, has poor endurance
* Walks on toes
Movement Becomes anxious or distressed when feet leave the ground
Avoids climbing or jumping
Avoids playground equipment
Seeks all kinds of movement and this interferes with daily life
Takes excessive risks while playing, has no safety awareness
Touch Avoids getting messy in glue, sand, finger paint, tape
Is sensitive to certain fabrics (clothing, bedding)
Touches people and objects at an irritating level
Avoids going barefoot, especially in grass or sand
Has decreased awareness of pain or temperature
Jumps from one activity to another frequently and it interferes with play
Has difficulty paying attention
Is overly affectionate with others
Is accident prone
Has difficulty making friends, does not express emotions