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How Much Fat Does a 1 Yr Old Need?

Help! I have a degree in health education and cannot find one source or nutritionist who can give me the answer I need. Recently, we figured out that my 14 month old has been having issues like very painful bowel movements (intense shaking and pain during the BM's and over 2 months, since the introduction to dairy, the stools went from soft to hard with blood) and it's due to dairy.

We have an appt with the pediatric gastroenterologist at Nemours in Jax in a few weeks, but I was advised by the ped to take her totally off of dairy now. Having said that, I am wanting to know how many actual fat grams she should have at 14 months and a weight of around 21 lbs. I know she needs about 1000 calories, but how much should be from fat?? I feed her avocados, pretty much all fruits and veggies, enrich her foods with things like flax oil and wheat germ, but I want to make sure she's getting enough...especially now that we're going to have her on fortified rice milk.

Is anyone out there up to date on how much fat she needs? Thank you so much, Moms.

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How much fat? Not that much. But it does seem that you are stressing too much over such a young childs diet.Keep it simple. Also I believe avocados are way to strong to digest, even adults get all gassy from them.

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I am not responding with help on the fat grams b/c I never worried about that with my kids. Kids will eat when they are hungry & I am a firm beleiver, as long as they are getting the fruits & vegetables they need, I have never pushed them to eat. I push them to try things & at 7 & 9 my kids will eat almost anything. They may not enjoy it, but they will eat it. But when they were little, I just made sure they are what they needed but didn't worry about the fat intake. As far as the bowl movements, I am right with you there. My daughter was sick when she was born & had a hard start. From week 1 that I brought her home, she was constipated & it took the doctors until she was 2 to do something about it. She NEVER had an easy bowel movement & there were times she & I were crying together b/c it was hurting her so bad. I limited her dairy, but still let her have one dairy a day. I gave her apple juice to loosen the stool & fruits & I also tried to get her to drink as much liquids as I could & crakcers/cereals that were higher in fiber than the others. At a young age she knew that she needed to eat fiber & that it would help her. The doctors never really cared much until she was 2 & I told them the NEEDED to do something. They finally put her on Senicot granuals. She chewed the granuals before she went to bed at night. THey worked!! We tried for years to get her off of them & her body didn't want her to. The doctors told me that her body will not get addicted to them, but will need them until the body decides she doesn't. Even though she was on the medicine, I still fed her the same things, high fiber, low dairy. Fially, at about age 5 or 6, my husband had forgot to give her the medicine for a couple nights when I was working & I didn't know. About 4 days without it & she was still having bowel movements, we decided to give it a try again. She never went on them again. She did not have them EVERY day like I had hoped, but it wasn't an issue when she did have them about every other day. She is 9 now & has no lasting results & is very regular!! It is not an easy thing to see your child go through, but just know the doctors didn't want to do anything until I pushed. They told me all the things to feed her to help her, but it did not work, she needed the Senicot & I am SO thankful for it. Hang in there & push if they don't seem to want to help. Even if you try the Senicot, it is a safe medicine & I think it is all natural!!

How much fat? Not that much. But it does seem that you are stressing too much over such a young childs diet.Keep it simple. Also I believe avocados are way to strong to digest, even adults get all gassy from them.

This is very informative. I know that as far as a two yr old, and over, the amount of fat they should receive is the same as an adult (percentage of daily intake) For a one yr old it is a bit higher (percentage of daily intake) but not much. Avacoda's are so high in fat I think it is a great supplement. My pedi told me not to feed our baby avocado because it was so high in fat and cholesterol.



Have you gone to a pediatric dietitian? If you go to eatright.org there is a link to find a dietitian in your area and I think you can select specialties. If not the gastroenterologist might be able to recommend someone. If you get an RD who specializes in kids they should be able to help you.

I looked through the other responses and approximately 30% of her diet being from fat sounds about right. The good fats help build her brain and line her nervous system. Avocados are very healthy. Hemp oil or hemp seeds. Flax, as you said. My daughter liked rice milk but it is so thin and not super nourishing. I like to make homemade milks in the blender out of raw soaked nuts, rinsed and drained, mixed with about twice as much water, some vanilla extract and some cinnamon. Good nuts to try alone or combined are almonds (for calcium), walnut (omega fats), pecan, brazil nut, hazel nut. I also make raw seed milks without soaking them using the same ratio to the water as in the nut recipe. I use alone or in some combo: sesame (for calcium and iron), sunflower, hemp, and sometimes unsulphered dried shredded coconut. Mmmmmm. Oh, and after you belnd for a minute or so there's "pulp" that needs to be strained when you put it in the cup for the child to drink. I usually put the rest in a mason jasr in the fridge and drink it or use in cereal over the next couple days. It seperates and you have to shake it up. I love it. It's natural and very healthy Kids love it, usually, because of the cinnamon and vanilla.
another generally healthy thing I'd like to recommend is Ezekial Bread from the frozen section of the Publix grocery or at health food stores. It's a sprouted multi-grain bread. You know how kids Love bread? With that bread, I can feel good about my child eating bread because it is so very nutritious. Besides the good carbs that break down slowly, there's a decent amount of protein, fiber, and naturally occuring vitamins and minerals. (Don't get the low sodium one, though--too bland). I think 2 big things that cause kids to be constipated are white bread products and dairy products.

Hi C.,
My pediatrician recommends 16 oz of WHOLE milk until age 2, which translates to roughly 17 grams of fat per day (50% of her caloric intake). Plus they get nominal amounts of healthy fats from other foods throughout the day as well (assuming you give them a healthy diet). Flax oil is an excellent source of fat if she cannot have milk. Avocados and wheat germ are healthy alternatives as well. Of course, do not go overboard, but at this age there is really no need to worry about or limit the amount of fat or cholesterol, as their little bodies are actually learning how to efficiently process it so that they can do so throughout life. And, as I am sure you know, it is the FAT that is so important for proper brain development at this age. I would stay away form soy. Contrary to popular belief, not good for little ones.

Good for you for understanding that your baby has an intolerance to milk protein. this is NOT lactose intolerance, for lactose is milk sugar, not milk protein.
Congratulations on being proactive & forward-thinking!

Energy required for growth:

Calcium requirements:

Fats, oils & swets:

I found this;
daily needs for fat amount approximately a third of the infant’s total energy need.
Human milk contains approximately 4 % fats. For the healthy full term infant, major consideration of fat in the infant diet include the adequacy of essential fatty acids to prevent essential fatty acid deficiency. Linoleic acid is the essential fatty acid for humans. The absence of linoleic acid in the diet results in growth retardation and dermatological manifestations. Intakes of linoleic acid, as low as 0.6 % of daily energy intake , can obviate essential fatty acid deficiency and current recommendations specify the minimum level of 0.3 g / 100 kcal in infant formulas.

Here is this:
Infant Care Multivitamin Drops from Twinlab claims "The highest quality and most natural multi vitamin supplement available for infants. It contains 100% natural vitamins A & D derived from the highest quality fish oils. It also contains 100% natural vitamin E derived from natural vegetable oils, balanced B-complex and vitamin C.""No artificial colors or flavors, sugars or sweeteners, fructose, honey, sorbitol, alcohol or preservatives."

http://www.algaecal.com/ plant source of calcium

http://www.kellymom.com/nutrition/vitamins/calcium.html lots of stuff about calcium

http://www.breastfeedingonline.com/allergy.shtml DIETARY SOURCES OF CALCIUM Dairy products are the highest sources of calcium. Other sources of calcium must be sought when dairy products are eliminated from one's diet. Calcium exists naturally in:
kale, frozen : 180 mg / cup
kale, raw : 94 mg / cup
broccoli , frozen : 94 mg / cup
broccoli , raw : 72 mg / cup
spinach , raw : 56 mg / cup

As for additional fat - I believe you child is getting the really healthy fats from what you described w/ avocado, nuts, etc... but it seems like your question might be really asking about calcium and then if you are feeding the child lots of dark greens, tofu, soy etc... you should be fine. If you are staying away from dairy then look for a whole food supplement like juice Plus that is only fruits and veggies - I have had my kids on that for over 3 years and we are really healthy and BM's are great for all of us! The child is only 14 months? The box of rice milk stated that is not for kids under 3. The reason for that rice is binding. With the issues you have describe I would stay away from Rice. Take a look at the almond milk. Or Soy if you have not tried it but rice will cause you more issues at this age. I hope this helps

What kind of milk is she drinking? I was told to give my kids whole milk and they had bowel problems also. I talked to a nutritionist who was a friend of mine and she said to feed them skim milk. My husband and I drink this and it made sense for my kids to drink it.
I know that doesn't really answer your question but it might help with the constipation.

That is a great question and I believe one person who could help is a lady who teaches raw food techniques at Whole Foods, Chef Olive. She is currently at the store in Winter Park and you can find her at the meeetup.com site search for raw foods in Orlando. Everything is plant based which will help you discover foods rich in essential fats naturally, not from other animals. Many, many people are intolerant of dairy please seek out Chef Olive as she is very knowledgable. A raw diet for children may not hold all the answers but in the meantime she can help. Good luck and good health.

Sounds like you are doing a great job and between the avadaco and flax she should have a good start. Soy is also a complete protein and the soy and rice milks are fortified so calcium and vitamins shoudl be a problem. Definatly see the doctor and do your own research. But remember that plent of people are vegan, even as children and are very healthy so I wouldn't worry at all about what she is eating right now. And for full disclosure I was a vegitarian for 12 years and have gone vegan just a few months ago and my 2 1/2 year old daughte has eaten a vegitarian diet and eats vegan at home and only gets some dairy or egg at her day care.

She should be getting no more than 25% of calories from fat. By age 2 you would want to reduce it to 20%. The USDA Food Pyramid recommends 30%, but it is influenced by lobbyists in the meat and dairy industry, hence the reason you "need" so much meat and dairy and why the fat percentages are so high.

You can calculate total calories and fat percentages by creating an account on www.fitday.com. It's totally free and I use it myself as a vegan long distance runner to make sure I'm getting enough calories and fat.

Best wishes,

G. G., Wellness Coach
Winter Park, FL

I don't really have any input about the diet, but I thought I might suggest something for you to research. My nephew was having similar symptoms and while the diet is obviously important I'm sure you're urgently trying to find a remedy to your daughter's pain during the bm's. He ended up having anal fissures. He had small tears which is why he was in so much pain. He was older and said that it felt like he was pooping broken glass. Anyway, my sister ended up using natural aloe gel (make sure it's natural...they have it at whole food) on his bottom around the anus several times a day and it healed in about a week. Prior to that my sister was bringing him to doctors and they all thought it was just hemorrhoids until one doctor determined it was fissures.

My daughter had some problems with dairy at first. I would give her oatmeal with raising to help with the difficult bowels. Also some apple prune juice. I have always given her the YoBaby yogurts, which are full fat. Does your pediatrician include that in the elimination of dairy? It seemed not to hurt, but maybe help with my daughter. I used to cry every time she had to poop, and so did she. She was about that same age actually. She eventually outgrew it. I would just help her along. When it was time to poop, I would hold her knees into her chest until it came out. Sounds gross, but it made the process easier for her so that she did not have to push so hard.

Well, I know that wasn't your question, but I just thought it might help to know of someone else who had a similar experience. I'm sure that you are giving her plenty of fats. My daughter is 23 months and only weighs 25 pounds. She's not at all short for her age, she's just thin. She gets a lot of fat and calories, and still doesn't put on much weight. Please don't worry too much about it. It sounds like you are doing a great job feeding her a well rounded diet.

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