My daughter is still on a bottle at almost 13 months, but she uses a sippy cup regularly for water with meals.
We often give her what we eat, minus the trigger foods like peanut butter. I just cut it up and put it on her plate and see what she does. She'll eat with her fingers, mostly, but has also started trying out a toddler spoon and fork.
She also LOVES fruit, and I will cut up blueberries, grapes, banana, peaches, pears, etc. for her.
Pasta is another good finger food, either with or without sauce. My daughter will also eat toast, chunks of cheese, crackers, Cheerios, triscuits, and waffle-type breakfast foods.
Hope that helps.