My name is H. B. and I work with the WIC program. I like alot of the advice the first mom gave you. Some other things to keep in mind. Your 1 year old should be drinking whole cow's milk. No more than 20 oz./day. I also would include 4-8 oz. juice into the childs daily diet. 100% juice is needed to help iron obsorb into the body. I would encourage weaning from the bottle as soon as possible. Right now the bottle is a feeding tool, in the next few months its going to become a security issue just like the thumb, pacifier, blankie etc. I would offer the child a chioce. A cup of milk or bottle of water, a cup of juice or bottle of water. Or you could try instead of an 8 oz. bottle drop the size down to 6 oz. then in another weeek offer 4oz. then try water only. The ideal time to wean is 11-15 months. So nothing has to happen over night.
Food pyramid and serving sizes.
dairy group.... Recommended servings 3-4
serving sizes.... 4 oz. milk, 1/4 cup yogurt, pudding, custard ect.
protein group..... Recommended daily servings 2-3
serving sizes.... 1 oz, or about the size of a small box of wooden matches. Some professionals do not like to recommend penutbutter at this age because of the choking risk and allergy risk. If neither of these issues concern yourself than most children like peanutbutter, eggs, cottage cheese, tofu...ect. these are a little easier to chew.
fruits/veggies...... Recommended daily servings....3-6 servings... Serving sizes.... fresh fruit about 1 tablespoon times thier age. 4 oz. juice may count as 1 serving of fruit or veggie but after that its just empty calories. They will not benefit from additional calories because the vitamins needed from juice are obtained in 1- 4oz glass.
Breads/cereals...... Recommended daily servings......6-11
Serving sizes...... 2-4 animal crackers, dry cereal 1/4 cup,
noodles,rice and cooked cereals 1/4 cup.
Our job as a parent is to offer food 5-6 times a day. We encourage breakfast, two hours later a snack, 2 hours later lunch, 2 hours later a snack, 2 hours later dinner and maybe even 1 more snack before bed. By putting the food infront of them, we are doing our job. The childrens job is to decide if we like it, how much will I eat and when I will eat. If we offer food 5-6 times a day, it gives them the oppertunity to eat smaller amounts just more often. PLease remember that almost nobody eats a perfect diet everyday. So ask your pediatrician about a daily vitamin. When viewing diet, please try to remember that there are days we eat more and days we eat less. Our children will do the same thing. So look at how well your child has eaten in a week vs day to day. There should never be any forbidden foods! This would also include junk food, soda, koolaid ect. If we never allow those foods, then when they get them at another persons house, they will over indulge. Everything in moderation. Moderation is 1-2 times a week. This makes it a treat vs forbidden/bad food.
If you child is having a bad day and not eating well, then maybe he/she is filling up on liquid calories. So offer water between meals or as a chioce at meal time. You may even offer the liquids after the meals to decrease filling up on them.
A cheap shower curtain under the high chair is a quick cheap cleanup method. I would encourage you to let your child touch its food at eat meal/snack but do not depend on them to eat enough without your help. When an infant/child touches thier food, they are less likely to gag or choke. The fingers will make the child aware of the texture before it hits the mouth.
Enjoy this age!!!!! It does not last long enough. Trust your instinks, We know our children the best.